2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Updated: April 1, 2020

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is closely monitoring an outbreak caused by a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China that first emerged in December 2019. This outbreak began in Wuhan, China, but cases have been identified in a growing number of other international locations including the United States. The Mount Olive Health Department is working with State and Federal partner agencies to monitor the situation closely. They are also preparing guidance documents for public health and health care professionals to be able to effectively respond to any cases that may be identified in the state.

Please Be Advised:

  • Individuals with no symptoms are not recommended to be tested for COVID-19. Individuals with mild symptoms should stay home if they are sick and follow the guidance of their health care provider.
  • All New Jerseyans are encouraged to practice social distancing and avoid large crowds and gatherings, practice good hand hygiene, and stay home if they are sick.

Situational Timeline and Overview:

  • On March 9, 2020, Governor Murphy declared a State of Emergency in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. On March 11, 2020 COVID-19    declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization.
  • Governor Murphy has announced that New Jersey is strongly discouraging residents from making non-essential travel between 8pm-5am.
  • On March 21, 2020, Governor Murphy announced a statewide stay at home order, closure of all non-essential retail businesses. The order also prohibits social gatherings, mandates work from home arrangements for employees when possible, and invalidates conflicting local and county regulations.
  • A COVID-19 website is available for the public: covid19.nj.gov. The website has information that residents, healthcare providers, businesses and organizations, schools, and others will find helpful. The website also has LIVE updates and announcements, as well as case counts by county.
  • For more information about the community-based testing in NJ, please refer to the Governor’s press release: https://nj.gov/governor/news/news/562020/approved/20200319b.shtml
  • If you are sick with respiratory illness symptoms and cannot afford to see a doctor, contact your nearest federally qualified health center (FQHC). These are federally funded clinics and see anyone and payment is determined by income/sliding scale. Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, call the nearest FQHC to inquire about appointments and fees. COVID-19 testing is free of charge, regardless if you have insurance or not. https://www.njpca.org/current-members/
  • Governor Murphy announced Executive Order 110, that child care centers must certify that they will solely serve as emergency child care centers for the children of essential workers. Emergency child care centers must certify by Friday, March 27 or close by Wednesday, April 1, 2020. Schools will remain closed for now. The situation will be re-assessed on April 17, 2020.
  • Executive Order 111 was signed on March 28, 2020 and requires all designated health care facilities to report their daily number of ventilators, bed capacity and personal protective equipment (PPE) inventory to the NJ Office of Emergency Management and the NJ Department of Health.
  • New Jersey is seeking healthcare and mental health professionals to volunteer during the state of emergency. People can register to volunteer on the COVID19 website: covid19.nj.gov

Situation update regarding positive cases identified in New Jersey

For the most up to date status regarding COVID-19 testing reported to NJDOH, please visit the following link: https://www.nj.gov/health/cd/topics/covid2019_dashboard.shtml

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Symptoms

The 2019 Novel Coronavirus may cause mild to severe respiratory symptoms like:

  • Fever
  • cough
  • trouble breathing and
  • pneumonia

The CDC believes at this time that symptoms may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure to the virus.

How Does Novel Coronavirus Spread?

Exposure to COVID-19 can occur in the following ways:

  • The virus is thought to spread mainly from person to person.
  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
  • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. It is possible that you can also become infected by touching something which has been contaminated by the virus and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth.

Can someone spread the virus without being sick?

People are thought to be most contagious when they are the most symptomatic (the sickest). Some spread might be possible before people show symptoms; there have been reports of this occurring with this new coronavirus, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

How is the novel coronavirus diagnosed?

Symptoms of COVID-19 are very similar to other common illnesses such as the flu or the common cold. Healthcare providers can tell whether you have symptoms that could be COVID-19, but can’t make the diagnosis by physical exam. They may also ask about recent travel in the 14 days prior to becoming ill, or other potential contacts to those infected with COVID-19. If COVID-19 is suspected, the healthcare provider can take a swab to send off for testing. 

Public Health Recommendations:

There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus. However, as a reminder, CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases, including:

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Practice respiratory hygiene! Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue or sleeve, not your hands.
  • Practice good hand hygiene! Wash your hands often with soap and water. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
  • Stay home if you are sick and avoid sick people.
  • Review and follow CDC travel advisories when planning travel. If you become ill after returning travel, call your healthcare provider before going to a doctor’s office or emergency department of a hospital. They may want to place a mask on you before you enter the building to protect other people.  

Travel: 

Due to the rapidly changing situation, travel recommendations and countries with various levels of travel alerts are subject to frequent updates. Stay up to date with CDC’s travel health notices related to this outbreak at the following link: CDC Travel Health Advisories

If you feel sick with fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, you should:

  • Seek medical care right away. Before you go to a doctor’s office or emergency room, call ahead and tell them about your recent travel and your symptoms.
  • Avoid contact with others.
  • Not travel while sick.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
  • Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use and alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available. 
  • Avoid congregate settings, limit public activities, and practice social distancing. 

Have general COVID-19 questions?

The NJ Poison Control Center and 211 have partnered with the State to provide information to the Public on COVID-19:
 
Call: 2-1-1
Call (24/7): 1-800-962-1253
Text: NJCOVID to 898-211
Text: your zip code to 898-211 for live text assistance

Feeling stressed about the novel coronavirus and would like to talk with a mental health professional?

The NJ Department of Human Services operates a toll free “warm line” which is a resource for people seeking mental health service. The warm line is activated during events that impact the mental health of New Jersey residents. The warm line is available 24 hours and has language access; (877) 294-HELP (4357). NOTE: The “warm line” does not replace 911 and is not used to report emergencies

For more information: